ANTI-BLACK RACISM IN KATHRYN STOCKETT'S THE HELP: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS

Burhan Ali Mahbub, Arry Purnama, Hartono Hartono

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk menganalisa konstruksi ideologi rasisme anti­Black di dalam novel The Help karya Kathryn Stockett. Teori yang dipakai untuk penelitian ini adalah teori Analisis Wacana Kritis dengan pendekatan Kognisi Sosial oleh Teun Van Dijk yang diambil dari buku Eriyanto (2001). Pendekatan kognis sosial Van Dijk menganalisis wacana kedalam 3 dimensi, yaitu: dirnensi teks, dimensi kognisi sosial dan dimensi konteks sosial. Hasil analisis penelitian menggambarkan bahwa konstruksi ideologi penulis novel The Help, Kathryn Stockett, yang dikonstruksikan melalui dimensi teks, dimensi kognisi sosial dan dimensi konteks sosial adalah anti-rasisme dan abolisionism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajayi, V. O. (2017, September 24) Primary Sources of Data and Secondary Sources of Data. doi: 10.13 l 40/RG.2.2.24292.68481

Arikunto, S. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktek: Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Armstrong, T. E. (2012). The hidden help : black domestic workers in the.Electronic Theses and Dissertations.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C., & Razavieh, A. (2010). Introduction to Reseach in Education (8th ed.). United State of America: Wadiworth, Cengage Learning.

Astuti. (2015). Analisis Wacanalsu Gender dalam Film "7 Hati 7 Cinta 7 Wanita” Karya Robby Ertanto. Thesis.Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta.

Austin, C. J. (2002, February). On Violence and Nonviolence: The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi. Retrieved August 10, 2019, from Mississippi History Now: http://www.mshistorynow.mdah.ms.gov/articles/62/the-civil-rights-

movement-in-mississippi-on-violence-and-nonviolence

Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (1982). Qualitative Research/or Education: An Introduction to Theory and Mehtods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Brain, R. (2009, February). Kathryn Stockett: Upstair, downstair. Retrieved August 13, 2019, from BookPage: https://bookpage.com/interviews/8485-kathryn-stockett- fiction#.X.VtAkHsxWCj

Chaer, A. (1989). Pengantar Sematik Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Cook, G. (1990). Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cook, G. (2001). The Discourse of Advertising (2nd ed.), New York: Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Reseach Design: Qualitative, Quantitative,, and Mixed method Approach. Newbury Park: Sage Productions.

Daniels, J. (1010, January 1). The Year in Racism: 2009 Year-End Review.

Retrieved August 23, 2019, from Racism Review:

http://www.racismreview.com/blog/2010/01/0l/the-year-in-racism-2009-year-

end-review/

Danna, Y. A. (2009). Analisis Wacana Kritis. Bandung: Yrama Widya.

Editor, H. (2010, March 3). Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is assassinated. Retrieved August 10, 2019, from History: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-

history/medgar-evers-assassinated.

Eriyanto. (2011). Analisis Wacana Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. Yogyakarta: LK.iS.

Hansan, J. E. (2011). Jim Crow Laws and Racial Segregation. Social Welfare History Project. Retrieved June 17, 2019, from Social Welfare History Project: http://socialwelfare.library.vcu.edu/eras/civil-war-reconstruction/jim-crow-laws- andracial-segregation/

Hasan, M. I. (2002). Pokok-Pokok Materi Metodologi Penelitian Dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.

Hutomo, R. A. (2019, Februari 9). Kegelisahan Warga Ku/it Putih Amerika. Retrieved February 8, 2019, from National Geographic Indonesia:

https://nationalgeographic.grid.id/read/1316293 95/kegelisahan-warga-kulit-putih- amerika ?page=all

Ikawati, A. A. W. (2018). AFRO-AMERICAN WOMEN DISCRIMINATION ON HIDDEN FIGURES MOVIE:A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS. Thesis. Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta.

Kiren, A., & Awan, A.G. (2017, July). CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF JANE. Social Sciences and Humanities, III, 482-498. Retrieved May 28, 2019, from www.gjmsweb.com

Masykuri, B. (2003). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif Surabaya: Visipres Offest.

Maxwell, J. A. (2013). Qualitative Research Design: An Interactive Approach (3rd ed.). (L. Bickman, & D. J. Rog, Eds.) London: Sage Publication.

Paziraie, M. E. (2012, July 16). A Discourse Analysis of the Novel "Things Fall apart" and Two of Its. English Linguistics Research, I, 13-24. doi:10.5430/elr.vln2pl3

Penguin Random House. (n.d.). Our Story. Retrieved August 23, 2019, from Penguin Random House: https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/about-us/our-story/

Penguin Random House. (n.d.). Social Responsibility. Retrieved August 23, 2019, from Penguin Random House:

https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/about-us/our-story/

Seojono, S. (1990). Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo.

Shipp, E. R (1985). THE RACE IN MISSISSIPPI: OLD ORDER AND NEW. In The New York Times (pp.1). Retrieved from The New York Times archive website: https:/www .nytimes.com/ 1985/04/02/us/the-races-in-mississippi- old-order-and-newhtml

Singh, Y. K. (2006). Fundamental of Research Methodology and Statistics. New Delhi: New Age International.

Sniderman, P. M. (1991). The New Racism. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 35, No. 2, 423.

Sobur, A. (2006). Analisis TeksMedia. Bandung: PT.Remaja Rosdakarya.

Stocket, K. (2009, December 23). 'The Help' Author Says Criticism Makes Her 'Cringe'.

(R. Siegel, & M. Norris, Interviewers) NPR. Retrieved June 17, 2019, from National Public Radio:

https://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storjd= 120966815

Stockett, K. (2009, July 18). This Life: Kathryn Stockett on her childhood in the Deep South. Retrieved August 9, 2019, from Daily Mail:

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/you/article-1199603/This-Life-Kathryn- Stockett-childhood-Deep-South .html#ixzzl CfdkMy2r

Suddath, C. (2009, November 11). Kathryn Stockett, Author of The Help. Retrieved August 9, 2019, from Time:

https://content.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1937562,00.html

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif

Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Taringan, H. G. (1984). Pengajaran Sintaksis. Bandung: Angkasa,

UNESCO. (2017). Racism. Retrieved April 7, 2019, from United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization:

http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/themes/international- migration/ glossary/racism/

Ward, J. (2018, February). Racism Is Built into the Very Bones' of Mississippi. Retrieved from The Atlantic:

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/02/jesmyn-ward^ mississippi/552500/

Williams, W. (2011, August 4 ). Cover Story - Kathryn Stockett: Life in the bellejar.

Retrieved August 9, 2019, from Creativeloafing:

https://creativeloafing.com/content-196401-Cover-Story—Kathryn-Stockett-Life- in-the-belle-jar




DOI: https://doi.org/10.53675/gist.v3i1.37

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 537 times
PDF - 680 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.